Medical Issues Associated with Anabolic Steroid Use: Are They Exaggerated?Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone modified to enhance the anabolic steroiid than the androgenic actions of the hormone. The anabolic steroid research articles effects are considered to be those promoting protein synthesis, muscle growth and crythopoiesis. There are numerous side-effects to anabolic steroids, including hypertension and atherosclerosis, blood clotting, jaundice, hepatic carcinoma, reseearch damage, psychiatric and behavioural researcy and, in males, reduced fertility and gynaccomastia. Anabolic steroids were added to the International Olympic Committee's anabolic steroid research articles of banned substances in In the main, experimental investigations have been poorly designed scientifically, clinically and statistically. The percentage anabolic steroid research articles positive test results hgh injections for sale usa IOC accredited laboratories has remained consistently anabolic steroid research articles. However, athletes take their steroids during training and out-of-competition testing is not conducted in all countries, although international co-operation is now under consideration.
Medical Issues Associated with Anabolic Steroid Use: Are They Exaggerated?
Because of recent anabolic steroid abuse scandals at all levels of athletic competition ranging from high school sports to the Olympics in Seoul, Korea, the investigators closely examined the anabolic steroid use histories of 20 competitive and noncompetitive weight lifters. Steroid efficacy studies only examine the anabolic effects of individual drugs.
However, these 20 steroid users consistently practiced polypharmacy. During steroid use cycles lasting between 7 and 14 weeks, athletes commonly used two or three oral agents and two long-acting injectable products.
Dos ages of oral preparations tended to be similar to those used in efficacy studies, whereas dosages of the long- acting injectable agents were approximately three to eight times greater than those used in controlled stud ies.
Subjects reported significant increases in body weight and strength. In addition, mental status changes were reported that included symptoms of depression, hostility, aggression, and paranoia.
Based on the pat tern of anabolic steroid use currently being practiced in the United States, it is apparent that past efficacy and toxicology studies are of limited value in delineating the benefits and hazards of these drugs.
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The American Journal of Sports Medicine. Illicit anabolic steroid use in athletes. A case series analysis. See all articles by this author Search Google Scholar for this author. Download PDF Article information. Vol 18, Issue 4, Illicit anabolic steroid use in athletes: Vol 18, Issue 4, pp.
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